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General Membership Meeting
June 12, 2007
Warren, Michigan

Vice President Gysel called the meeting to order at 12:40 PM

SPEAKERS – Kathleen Rollinger & Bianca Whitcher of Roseville

Kathleen explained that her and Bianca are licensed exterminators and baits properties at no cost to the residents.  She stated the cost of training them was cheaper than contracting an extermination company.  Kathleen went on to say; all cities have rats and come from sewers, expressways, delivery trucks, etc.  and do not just live on dirty properties.

Kathleen explained that rats continuously urinate while they are running because they are blind and follow their scent to find their way.  One way to detect rats is to look for droppings (rats ¼” to 1”) mice (size of a piece of rice) or worn paths in the grass.   Kathleen also explained rats always have two burrows one to enter and one to exit.  They also have a distinct smell (described as “Musky”).  She also explained how rats will eat everything and their main source of food is dog droppings. (see full speaker synopsis)

Member Randazzo motioned to approve the Secretary’s minutes from May 8, 2007.  Member Albus supported the motion.  The motion carried.

Treasurer Martin reported we have $14, 931.83 in our checking account and $16,924 in our savings account.  Member Randazzo motioned to approve the Treasures report.  The motion was supported .  The motion carried.


Scholarship winners:  1st place – Jennifer Carr ($1,000), 2nd place – Courtney Niland ($500) – 3rd place – Melissa Robowski ($500).

Vice President Gysel announced the topic for the October conference will be How to manage time and stress.  The cost will be $1,400.  The cost for members is $25.  Cranks will provide lunch.  Member Chambers motioned to approve the cost of the conference.  Member Underhill supported the motion.  The motion carried

New Member – Tom Couples – Orion Township

Motion to adjourn meeting at 1:30 PM

Presenter Kathleen Rollinger, assisted by Bianca Whitcher, both City of Roseville Enforcement Officers; for questions call (586) 445-5447

ALL cities have rats.  They come from sewers, garbage and delivery trucks, and especially the expressways.  Roseville baits properties for residents at no charge to the residents.  They provide a form, which includes a waiver of liability, and gives the name of the poison used, instructions to residents re: how long to keep pets out of the area, how to replace bait if dogs dig it up, etc.  They also provide a red sheet listing 10 most unwanted human behaviors that encourage rat infestation.  They are certified pest control applicators, licensed by the State; every third year, they test to renew their certification both for general pest control and specifically vertebrates (including rodents).  Bait is placed as close to elbow-deep in the burrows as Enforcement Division staff members can reach in. 

Rats urinate constantly as a means of finding their way back, as they are nearly blind.  Scent of rat urine is nearly impossible to get rid of; it lasts forever, and rats will follow their scent back to their previous burrows, if conditions in the new location are unfavorable, they simply return to their earlier habitat.  Rats have an unmistakable, unique musky odor.

Fresh droppings are shiny and brown; older droppings are black.  Rats defecate before entering their burrow; droppings will be found near the entrance to habitat area.  Always an entrance and separate exit burrow, for escape if needed.  Only two burrows indicates a small family; six or more burrows indicates a larger colony.  Warmer winters bring larger population growth in summer months.  They dig in about 8” deep, in summer, approx. 12” - 18” deep in winter; deep frost over long period reduces population.

Rats reproduce up to every 6 weeks, with 4+ in each litter; a single pair can produce up to 15,000 rats per year.  Rat colony spreads, when food becomes scarce as colony grows.  Overcrowding is indicated by presence of 10+ burrows; overcrowding may bring them out in the daytime. 

It’s important to check surrounding properties when finding rats on one property.  Look for burrows about the diameter of a baseball (some may be larger), or mounds of dirt indicating nearby burrow, near woodpiles, decks low-to-the-ground, cement slabs, structures without rat walls, trees with branches touching the ground.  Also check for “runs” (paths depressed-in or tunneled-through grass), droppings. 

A rat needs only ½- to 1-ounce of liquid per day.  They typically travel a 100-to 150-foot area for food, but will set up “hotel burrows” and travel further, to increase the range for food scavenging.  Rats are omnivorous; they eat ANYTHING.  Refuse cans MUST be kept covered.  Dog droppings contain much undigested protein, an excellent food source.  (Also dog food contains an anticoagulant, and rats can counteract poison effects by ingesting dog food.)  Hoarding of bait occurs till other food sources are scarce; then they’ll eat the bait.   They watch the new-food-eaters for signs of illness and will shy away if bait is not switched over the course of baiting.  May need to bait for up to a year, maybe longer.  It takes approx. ½-ounce of bait to kill a rat; they can’t regurgitate.  If using D-Con, offer water near the bait; it needs water to be effective.  Smell of a dead rat goes away after a couple days; they shrivel up, leaving only the fur and bones.

Use a milk crate over the bait, to keep dogs out of baited holes.  A dog eating a poisoned rat normally won’t become ill.  Direct ingestion of about a pound of rat bait may kill a dog.  Reinspect for at least two weeks after closing holes, following the treatment of the area.  This allows for gestation period, in case a pregnant female survived the treatment.